What you need to know about circumcision

The male penis is covered with a layer of skin called the foreskin. Removal of this skin is called circumcision.

There are many reasons for a man to get circumcised. For example:
> To reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV.
> Female sexual partners are partially protected from cervical cancer and other infections.
> For cultural beliefs.
> For medical reasons to treat various penile problems that require removal of the foreskin.
> For hygiene reasons: it is easier to keep clean.
The inside of the foreskin is different from the skin on the rest of the penis. The tissue contains many more cells that are susceptible to STIs, including HIV.

Foreskin is at risk of tearing which, at times, can also increase a man’s risk of contracting STIs & other infections

When a man is circumcised, his foreskin is removed, and the number of cells that are susceptible to STIs including HIV infection is significantly reduced

Facts you need to know

> Circumcision of males under the age of 16 is prohibited, except when done for religious or medical reasons.
> Circumcision of males older than 16 may only be performed if consent is given to the circumcision after proper counselling.
> It is important that medical male circumcision is done by people trained and qualified to do it.
> The man will first receive counselling about what to expect and be asked to sign a consent form.
> The man will be offered an HIV test and other routine health screening.
> The procedure will be done under local anaesthetic so that it is not painful.
> After the procedure you will be given pain medication.

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